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Sandra Carroll


Dr. Sandra Carroll joined the McMaster University School of Nursing in 2009. She is currently the Vice-Dean, Health Sciences and Executive Director for the School of Nursing. Dr. Carroll received her PhD (Nursing) from McMaster University. Dr. Carroll completed a CIHR Strategic Training Fellowship in the FUTURE Program for Cardiovascular Nurse Scientists and a Post-Doctoral Fellowship through the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Ontario/Michael G. DeGroote Chair in Cardiovascular Nursing Research. Dr. Carroll is the Director of Clinical Health Professional Research at Hamilton Health Sciences and led the Patient Engagement Strategy for the Canadian Stroke Prevention Intervention Network (2015-2018).

Dr. Carroll’s research focus includes patients’ decision-making, decision support in the context of implantable defibrillators, patient preferences for cardiovascular treatments, patient engagement, and patient reported outcomes in arrhythmia care. Dr. Carroll has received operating funds from the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Heart & Stroke Foundation, the Hamilton Health Sciences Foundation, and Hamilton Community Foundation.

Select Publications

  • Pannag, J., Martin, L., Yost, J., McGillion, M., Carroll, S.L. Testing a nurse-led, pre-implantation educational intervention for primary prevention implantable cardioverter-defibrillator candidates: a randomized feasibility trial.  European Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing,zvaa009, (December 2020)  
  • Whitmore, C., Bird, M., McGillion, M., Carter, N., Chen, R., Pierazzo, J., & Carroll, S. (2020). Impact of nurse scientist-led digital health interventions on support and management of chronic conditions: Recommendations for nursing science from a rapid review. Nursing Outlook. (September 2020)  
  • Allan, K.S., Aves, T., Henry, S., Banfield, L., Victor, J.C., Dorian, P., Healey, J.S., Andrade, J.G., Carroll, S.L., McGillion, M.H. (2020). Health Related Quality of Life in Patients with AF Treated with Catheter Ablation or Antiarrhythmic Drug Therapy: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. CJC Open. DOI: 10.1016/j.cjco.2020.03.013.  
  • Bird, M., Ouellette, C., Whitmore, C., Li, L., Nair, K., McGillion, M., Yost, J., Banfield, L., Campbell, E., and Carroll, S. (2020). Preparing for patient partnership: A scoping review of patient partner engagement and evaluation in research. Health Expectations. DOI: 10.1111/hex.13040.  
  • Ouellette, C., Henry, S., Turner, A., Clyne, W., Furze, G., Bird, M., Sanchez, K., Watt-Watson, J., Carroll, S., Devereaux, P.J., McGillion, M. (2019). The need for novel strategies to address postoperative pain associated with cardiac surgery: A commentary and introduction to “SMArTVIEW”. Canadian Journal of Pain, 3(2): 26-35. DOI: 10.1080/24740527.2019.1603076.   
  • McGillion, M.H., Henry, S., Busse, J.W., Ouellette, C., Katz, J., Choinière, M., Lamy, A., Whitlock, R., Pettit, S., Hare, J., Gregus, K., Brady, K., Dvirnik, N., Yang, S.,  Parlow, J., Dumerton-Shore, D., Gilron, I., Buckley, D.N., Shanthanna H.,Carroll S.L., Coyte P.C., Ebrahim S., Isaranuwatchai W., Guerriere D.N., Hoch J., Khan J., MacDermid, J., Martorella, G., Victor, J.C., Watt-Watson, J., Howard-Quijano, K., Mahajan, A., Chan, M.T.V., Clarke, H., Devereaux, P.J. (2019). Examination of psychological risk factors for chronic pain following cardiac surgery: protocol for a prospective observational study. BMJ Open, 0:e022995. DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022995.  
  • Banner, D., Bains, M., Carroll, S., Kandola, D.K., Rolfe, D.E., Wong, C., Graham, I.D. (2019). Patient and Public Engagement in Integrated Knowledge Translation Research: Are we there yet? Research Involvement and Engagement, 5:8. DOI: 10.1186/s40900-019-0139-1.   
  • Mondésert, B., Bashir, J., Philippon, F., Dubuc, M., Amit, G., Exner, D., Joza, J., Birnie, D.H., Lane, C., Tsang, B., Korley, V., Spears, D., Ling, A., Djuric, A., Crystal, E., Hruczkowski, T., Roux, J.F., Carroll, S., Essebag, V., Krahn, A.D., Healey, J.S. (2018). Rationale and design of the randomized prospective ATLAS study: Avoid Transvenous Leads in Appropriate Subjects, American Heart Journal, 207. DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2018.09.008.  
  • Carroll, S.L., Embuldeniya, G., Pannag, J., Lewis, K.B., Healey, J.S., McGillion, M., Thabane, L., Stacey, D. (2018). “I don’t know exactly what you’re referring to”: The challenge of values elicitation in decision making for implantable cardioverter-defibrillators.Patient Preference and Adherence, 12: 1947-1954. DOI: 10.2147/PPA.S173705.   
  • Lewis, K., Carroll, S.L., Birnie, D., Stacey, D., Matlock, D. (2018). Incorporating Patients' Preference Diagnosis in Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Decision-Making: A Review of Recent Literature, Current Opinion in Cardiology, 33: 42-49. DOI: 10.1097/HCO.0000000000000464.  
  • Carroll, S.L., McGillion, M., Stacey, D., Healey, J.S., Foster, G., Hutchings, S.A., Arthur, H.M., Browne, G., Thabane, L. (2017). Evaluating the effects of a patient decision aid in ICD candidates: A randomized controlled feasibility trial. Pilot and Feasibility Studies, 3:49. DOI: 10.1186/s40814-017-0189-9.  
  • Carroll, S.L, Embuldeniya, G., Abelson, J., McGillion, M., Berkesse, A., Healey, J. S. (2017). Questioning Patient Engagement: Research Scientists’ perceptions of the challenges of patient engagement in a Cardiovascular Research Network. Patient Preferences and Adherence, 11: 1573-1583. DOI: 10.2147/PPA.S135457.  
  • Lewis, K.B., Stacey, D., Carroll, S.L., Boland, L., Sikora, L., Birnie, D. (2016). Estimating the risks and benefits of implantable cardioverter-defibrillator generator replacement: A systematic review. Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology, 39(7): 709-722.  
  • Krahn, A., Healey, J.S., Gerull, B., Angaran, P., Chakrabarti, S., Sanatani, S., Arbour, L., Laskman, Z., Carroll, S.L., Seifer, C., Green, M., Roberts, JD., Talajic, M., Hamilton, R., Gardner, M. (2016). The Canadian Arrhythmogenic Right Ventricular Cardiomyopathy Registry: Rationale, Design and Preliminary Recruitment. Canadian Journal of Cardiology, 32(12): 1396-1401.  
  • Lewis, K., Stacey, D., Squires, J., Carroll, S.L. (2016). Shared decision-making models acknowledging an interprofessional approach: A theory analysis to inform nursing practice. Research and Theory for Nursing Practice, 30 (1): 26-43.


  • Lewis K.B. (Principal Investigator), Carroll, S.L. (Co-Principal Investigator), Schwalm, J., Thabane, L., McGillion, M., Birnie, D., Healey, J., Stacey, D., Lauck, S., Krahn, A., Seifer, C. Implementing effective strategies to engage patients in making decisions along the ICD care pathway: A multi-province comparative case study. Heart and Stroke Foundation. Bridge Grant. $40, 000; July 1, 2021-June 30, 2022 (Includes 1-year extension).  
  • Krahn, A. (nominated PI). Angaran, P., Arbour, L., Atallah, J., Brunham, L., Carroll, S., Duff, H, Fournier, A, Gardner, M., Green, M., Hamilton, R., Healey, J., Joza, J., Kimber, S., Laksman, Z., Leather, R., Lehman, A., Lettre, G., MacEwing, C., MacIntyre, C., Makanjee., B., Porubanec, D., Pynn, V., Roberts, J., Ruben, P., Sanatani, S., Seifer, C., Sheldon, R., Simpson, C., Singer, J., Spears, D., Steinberg, C., Tadros, R., Talajic, M., Van Petegem, F. Hearts in Rhythm Organization (HiRO): Improving detection and treatment of inherited heart rhythm disorders to prevent sudden death”CIHR Foundation Grant. 2019-2027: $3,958,013.  
  • Lewis, K.B. (Nominated PI), Birnie, D., Carroll, S.L. Implementing effective strategies to engage patients in making decisions along the ICD care pathway: A multi-province comparative case study. Canadian Cardiovascular Society-Early Career Award. 2019-2022: $117,854 (Includes 1 year extension).  
  • Lauck, S.B., Webb, J.G., Wood, D.A., Sathananthan, J., Humphries, K., Wijeysundera, H., Asgar, A., Welsh, R., Baumbusch, J., Carroll, S., Goldie, K.  Safe Transition Home after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation - Feasibility Study (START). Heart & Stroke Foundation (Grant-in-Aid), $ 278,117, July 2019-June 2022.  
  • Bosch, J., O'Donnell, M., Urimubenshi, G., Kaddumukasa, M., Dawar, D., DePaul, V., Carroll, S., Rossouw, A., Bidulka, P., Kumurenzi, A., Hamilton, L., Langhorne, P. OSCAIL 2020 Meeting. Grant, Canadian Institutes of Health Research (CIHR), Planning and Dissemination-New Project, $19,825; Sept 2019-Sept 2020.  
  • Lauck, S.B., MacEwing C., Krahn, A.D. (PIs), Allan, K., Carroll, S.L., Davies, B., Fournier, D.A., Seifer, C. Predictors of Perceived Informational Support and Self-Efficacy in Patients at Increased Risk of Sudden Unexpected Cardiac Arrest and their Caregivers. CIHR (SPOR) Patient Oriented Research Collaboration Grants, $39,807, 2018-2019.  
  • Seifer, C., Krahn, A., Fournier, A., Lauck, S., Carroll, S.L., Allan, K., Davies, B. Predictors of Perceived Self-Efficacy and Empowerment in Patients at Increased Risk of Sudden Unexpected Cardiac Arrest and their Caregivers. Cardiac Arrhythmia Network of Canada (CANeT), Focused investment program, $110, 000; August 218-July 2019.  
  • Banner-Lukaris, D (PI). Aaron, S., Carroll, S.L., Graham, I., Healey, J., Kandola, D., Runte, M., Stewart, D., Tang A. Patient Engagement in Canadian Circulatory and Respiratory Research Networks: An Inter-Network Consultations on Priority Setting and Planning for Meaningful Patient Engagement. Canadian Institutes of Health Research Planning and Dissemination Grant, $15,000 (In-Kind Support: $20,000), 2017-2018.  
  • Carter, N., Carroll, S.L., Wahoush, O. Exploring access to healthcare for adult newcomers in Hamilton with non-infectious diseases. Hamilton Community Foundation’s Community Health, Education and Research Fund, $22,000, 2017-2018.  
  • McGillion, M., Devereaux, P.J. (Designated Clinical Applicant), Scott, T. (Co-PIs), Dvirnik, N., Yost, J., Carroll, S.L., Turner, A., Clyne, W., Ritvo, P., Peter, E., Krull, K., Naus, F., Lamy, A., Whitlock, R. (Lead Contributors) and the THE SMArTVIEW Team. Getting THE SMArTVIEW, CoVeRed in Ontario: TecHnology Enabled monitoring and Self-MAnagemenT - Vision for patient EmpoWerment following Cardiac and VasculaR surgery. Ontario Centres of Excellence: Health Technology Fund Grant, $2,687,146 (OCE: $499,313; Partner Cash Support: $571,499; Industry Support: $1,616,344), 2017-2020.  
  • Carroll, S.L., McGillion, M., Yost, J., Abelson, J., Healey, J., Berkesse, A. Following the C-Spin RoAdMAP: ReAlizing MeAningful Patient Engagement. CIHR Patient Engagement: Collaboration Grant (SPOR), $30, 000, 2016-2017.     

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